TOTAL AND PARTIAL PROSTHESESIf you miss a greater number of teeth, there are several ways to solve the problem and have a brilliant smile again. The most modern way is certainly dental implants. However, due to their high price, patients prefer to opt for a more accessible solution - mobile dental prosthetics, i.e. partial and total dental prostheses.

The specificity of dental prostheses is that they can be removed from mouth, which is why they are called mobile dental prosthetics for lost teeth. Patients put on and take them off for oral hygiene. Depending on whether several teeth or all the teeth are being replaced, there are two types of prostheses. There are total and partial dental prostheses.

Total dental prostheses

Total dental prostheses are intended for people who do not have any tooth in a jaw. Total prostheses compensate for all the missing teeth, but also a part of an alveolar ridge. This is also the only solution for people without teeth, unless they opt for dental implants. Total prostheses are made of acrylate and placed over gums, more precisely over upper and lower jaw bones. This way they completely compensate for a lack of teeth and lost bones. In addition to practical benefits in terms of eating easily, there is also a psychological and aesthetic motivation for using total prostheses. Well-designed total prostheses look completely natural and regain self-confidence.

However, total prostheses also have certain disadvantages. This type of prostheses is the least comfortable of all the other ways of recovering lost teeth. Furthermore, a longer adaptation period is required, since total prostheses is actually a foreign body in mouth to be adjusted to. Some patients claim that their total prostheses have reduced their sense of taste, since they cover their palates. Of course, this is not a rule, it depends on a patient. In addition, total prostheses can also move, especially in a lower jaw. This is not a rule, but it also occurs only in individual cases.

These problems can certainly create an inconvenience while wearing total prostheses. On the other hand, for people who have a complete lack of teeth, a total prosthesis is certainly the right solution that will not only ease eating, but also restore self-confidence and smile on their face.

Partial dental prostheses

If you only miss a few teeth, but there is no possibility of making a bridge, the solution is a partial dental prosthesis. Unlike total tooth prostheses, partial prostheses are attached to surrounding teeth by metal parts, so-called "hooks". In this way, prostheses are stable and do not move.

There are two types of partial dental prostheses - acrylic and skeletal partial dental prostheses. Partial acrylic prostheses are made of acrylic and, therefore, less durable than partial skeletal (wisil) prostheses with a metal part - skeleton. Partial skeletal prostheses are also more comfortable, because they rely less on palate and sublingual area. Consequently, the period of adaptation to this type of prostheses is much shorter. Similarly, in skeletal prostheses, molded hooks are used to attach prostheses, which make them more stable than acrylic prosthesis. Additionally, there is a possibility that partial skeletal dental prostheses are bound with buckles (attachments). Their one part is in the inner part of prostheses, and the other part on a tooth which allows even greater stability of prostheses. Skeletal partial dental prostheses can be used together with fixed dental prostheses, such as crowns and bridges.

Certainly the best and most contemporary solution is prostheses that are fixed by implants. However, a completely acceptable solution, especially in financial terms, is a total dental prosthesis for people who lack all the teeth, or a partial prosthesis for people who lack only a few teeth.

If you are still in doubt about the best solution for you, our experts team will be happy to help you. Call us and schedule consultations and after a check-up we will together find a solution that suits you most. In any case, both total and partial prostheses will enable you to eat without problems and have a bright smile again.